The list of citations here does not represent all research done on aspects of the farm to institution market. It has been curated to provide the newest, most relevant information about measurement of the impacts of the farm to institution market. This resource list will be updated over time to reflect new tools and publications as they become available.


Adams, M. 2016. The Impact of Institutional Sales on Massachusetts Farms in 2014

Research for Massachusetts Farm to School. Massachusetts Farm to School. Retreived at

Arner, Audrey. Supporting Community with Retail and Institutional Food Service- Keeping It Safe, Legal and Local. 2003 SARE ENC02-068. This project clarified Minnesota food safety requirements for purchasing and using locally produced foods in retail and institutional food service and produced Minnesota-specific tip sheets.

Bellows, B., Dufour, R., Bachmann, J., Green, C., & Moore, N. 2013. Bringing Local Food to Local Institutions:A Resource Guide for Farm to Institution Programs. National Center for Appropriate Technology. Available at

Brayley, D., Clark, K. & Anand, M. (2012). Produce Distribution Practices: Incorporating Locally Grown Produce into New England’s Institutional Food System. Kids First.

Bullen, S. Gary, Building Local Food Systems: Training the Trainers, Peer Collaboration, and Materials Development. 2013 SARE PDP ES13-115 Project is preparing extension agents and other agricultural professionals to work with small-scale farmers interested in developing new marketing relationships with restaurants, grocery and wholesale buyers.

Clinton, S., Stoddard, J., Perkins, K., Peats, B., & Collins, A. (2014). New England Healthy Food in Health Care: Leading the Charge to a Healthy, Sustainable Food System. Health Care Without Harm.

Conner, D.S., Sevoian, N., Heiss, S.N., & Berlin, L. 2014 The Diverse Values and Motivations of Vermont Farm to Institution Supply Chain Actors. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27: 695-713. doi:10.1007/s10806-013-9485-4

Doyle, David. “SUNY Commits” to Support New York State Farms, Food Manufacturers. Press Release October 16, 2013. Launch of “SUNY Commits”, a program in which the state university system commits to using more locally grown and manufactured food products on its 64 campuses.

Fitzsimmons, J. 2015. Costs and returns to New England farmers in the farm-to-institution supply chain: 2015 Annual Report to the Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education Program. Available at:

Fox, Julie. Retail Ready & Wholesale Ready. 2012 SARE PDP ENC10-115 This project customized MarketReady modules and prepared professionals to guide and educate producers as they assess and make decisions about: direct marketing to retail consumers (farm market, farmers’ market, Community Supported Agriculture, other direct sales) and direct marketing to wholesale buyers (restaurants, grocery stores, institutions, other retailers and food service providers).

Hardesty, S., Allen, P., Feenstra, G. Ohmart, J. Perkins, T., & Perez, J. 2010. Institutional Food Distribution Systems: Bringing Students, Farmers, and Food Service to the Table. 41(1): 58-63.

Harris, D., Lott, M., Lakins, V., Bowden, B., & Kimmons, J. (2012). Farm to Institution: Creating Access to Healthy Local and Regional Foods. Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal, 3(3), 343- 349.

Heidemann, Kevin. MarketReady Producer Training Program, Kentucky Impact Summary, Fall 2010 – Spring 2014, April 2014. University of Kentucky. Summary of evaluations by 389 Extension Educations and farmers who participated in 31 MarketReady trainings in Kentucky.

Huff, P. 2015. Building Minnesota’s Farm to Institution Markets: A Producer Survey. Institution for Agriculture and Trade Policy. Available at’s-farm-to-institution-markets

Izumi, B., Wright D.W., & Hamm, M.S. 2010 Market diversification and social benefits: Motivations of farmers participating in farm to school programs, Journal of Rural Studies, 26(4), 374-382,

Jackson, Emily. Building Capacity: Farm to School. 2012. SARE ES10-103 Appalachian Sustainable Agriculture Project. Project designed a Farm to School training conference to Extension Educators in three states; the program covered educational (school gardens, cooking lessons, farm field trips) as well as information for farmers on K-12 school purchasing requirements.

Joshi, A., Azuma, A., & Feenstra, G. (2008). Do Farm-to-School Programs Make a Difference? Findings and Future Research Needs. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition, 3(2-3), 229-246.

Klein, K. Agric Hum Values (2015) 32: 635. doi:10.1007/s10460-015-9586-y

Matts, C., Conner, D., Fisher, C., Tyler, S., & Hamma, M. (2015). Farmer perspectives of Farm to Institution in Michigan: 2012 survey results of vegetable farmers. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 1-12.

Martinez, S., Hand, M. S., Da Pra, M., Pollack, S., Ralston, K., Smith, T. A., et al. (2010). Local food systems: Concepts, impacts, and issues. ERR 97. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

National Farm to School Network, Vermont Law School. (2015). State Farm to School Legislative Survey 2002-2014.

National Good Food Network. (n.d.). Food Hub Center. Retrieved September 24, 2015, from food-hubs.

Oberholtzer, L. (2010). The use of local foods in Maryland schools: Findings from a survey of food service directors. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Pucetti, C., Clark, K. (2015). Rhode Island Farm to Institution: A look at the capacity of Rhode Island institutions, processors and growers to increase processed and frozen produce in supply chains. Farm Fresh Rhode Island.

Refrigerated Transporter. (2010). New England Produce Center Uses Vector Technology. Retrieved from http:// new-england-produce-center-uses-vectortechnology

Schwartz, Larry. Purchasing New York Food Products. December 21, 2012. Memo from the Secretary to Governor Andrew Como to New York State Heads and Chief Financial Officers of State Agencies and Public Authorities directing them to purchase New York grown and processed food products.

The Hale Group. (2013). Foodservice Distributors of the Future - The Evolution of the Foodservice Distributor Sector.

U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2014. 2012 Census of Agriculture, United State Summary and State Data, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series, Part 51, Table 53 Selected Practices 2012. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture.,_Chapter_2_US_State_Level/usv1.pdf

U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2016. Organic Survey 2014: Volume 3, Special Studies, Part 4. Washington D.C., U.S. Department of Agriculture.

United States Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Services. 2016. The Farm to School Census. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept of Agriculture. Available at

United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service (USDA ERS). (n.d.). Retailing & Wholesaling: Overview. Retrieved from food-markets-prices/retailing-wholesaling. aspx.

University of Massachusetts-Amherst. (2015). UMass Amherst Dining Services Pledges to Serve 100-Percent, NoAntibiotic-Ever Chicken. University of Massachusetts-Amherst, News and Media Relations.

Wilkins, Jennifer. Building professional capacity to enhance farm-to school marketing and distribution networks. 2005 SARE ENE05-094 2008.  This project produced a Tool Kit with a comprehensive overview of how to start a Farm to School program that includes a needs assessment template and basic information and resources for growers.